CCHR Supports U.N.'s and Rights Groups' Demand for Urgent FDA Ban on

公民人权委员会强烈要求 FDA 对皮肤电击疗法 JRC 发出紧急禁令

2018-12-27 08:32:47 prnewswire

本文共2059个字,阅读需6分钟

A petition started by Gregory Miller to the Speaker of the House of Representatives in Massachusetts calling for a ban on the skin shocks garnered nearly 270,000 signatures before closing about six years ago. It stated, "Not only does the JRC need to immediately stop this practice but Massachusetts legislators need to make these shock procedures illegal." It pointed out that students have "no voice of their own to describe their pain. They need your help."[2] Yet CCHR says the FDA has failed to speedily provide that help which requires the device to be banned immediately. "FDA continues to procrastinate, as it has done with the ECT, electroshock device, putting individuals at risk of devastating harm," stated Jan Eastgate, international president of CCHR. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) also just issued a formal notice known as "precautionary measures" that called for immediate cessation of the electric shocks at JRC. In a seven-page resolution, the Washington-based panel said that the practice poses a "serious impact on the rights" of the vulnerable children at the school, "particularly on their right to personal integrity which may be subjected to a form of torture."[3] Both the GED and ECT procedures are equated with torture, added Diane Stein, president of CCHR Florida, and commenting that Florida residents have been treated at JRC.[4] ECT uses anesthesia and muscle relaxants largely in the treatment of "depression," while the GED is an external skin shock to control behavior in those with severe emotional, behavioral and psychiatric problems and autism-like disorders. ECT can cause severe memory loss and permanent brain damage — a fact that one of its manufacturers recently admitted.[5] The skin shock works by "hooking the students up to electrodes worn on different parts of the body." When the student engages in "forbidden behavior, a staff member administers a shock. Some students wear the electrodes as much as 24 hours a day, seven days a week. And sometimes for years," according to ABC News.[6] Manfred Nowak, the UN's Special Rapporteur on Torture, wrote to the U.S. government in May 2010, appealing to them to investigate.[7] In 2012, another Special Rapporteur on Torture, Juan Mendez, also formally approached the U.S. government, concerned about the procedure and how it "inflicts pain and suffering tantamount to torture in violation of international law." His remarks followed a video being shown online of then-18-year-old Andre McCollins being given 31 shocks over a seven-hour period in 2002. In the video, Andre can be heard screaming and shouting, "Help me. Help me." He was restrained with belts, face down on a board as the electricity was discharged into his body.[8] About 90 percent of the center's students are people of color.[9] Mendez was himself subjected to torture by electric shock at the hands of the Buenos Aires police in 1975. "I feel very strongly that electricity applied to a person's body creates a very extreme form of pain," he stated.[10] Speaking about ECT used in the treatment of "mental disorders," Mr. Nowak stated, "Against-your-will electroshock therapy is in my opinion absolutely prohibited." He called such treatment, "torture."[11] In 2013, the UN again cited the GED in a report on torture, which stated that the FDA had "sent a warning letter to the JRC on 6 December 2012" and that "the use of aversive therapy by JRC has been challenged through a variety of state and federal legislative and judicial actions," including the Department of Justice's (DOJ) investigation into possible violations of civil rights laws …"[12] The DOJ condemned the practice.[13] The updated GED-4 emits 45.5 milliamps of electricity — more than 15 times as powerful as stun belts used on incarcerated adults that deliver shocks of 3 to 4 milliamps.[14] Modern electroshock delivers a pulse of current to the brain that is 7.5 times stronger than electrical fences used to deter wild bears. In a 2007 interview with ABC, the developer of the JRC skin shock system, a doctor, said the procedure "has no detrimental effects whatsoever." Further, "And if it didn't hurt it wouldn't be effective. It has to hurt enough so that the student wants to avoid showing that behavior again." The price tag per student is $200,000 a year and is financed by tax dollars.[15]  Similarly, psychiatrists dismiss any damage from ECT, while a course of treatments can cost up to $35,000 a year, not including hospitalization costs, in a lucrative $5 billion a year industry. People are encouraged to write to Laurie Lenkel, Director, FDA Office of the Ombudsman, ombuds@oc.fda.gov, and demand the Graduated Electronic Decelerator be banned immediately — not in another year's time. People can also write to Taunton's Bristol County Probate and Family Court, which approves the use of GED shock device on JRC students, to protest the court's approval of a procedure criticized for its torturous affects.[16] Write to the Register's Office, Taunton Family and Probate Court, 40 Broadway, Suite 240, Taunton, MA 02780. Disability rights group ADAPT, the American Civil Liberties Union, IACHR and many others have opposed GED shock.[17] Independently, CCHR has campaigned for a ban on all electric shock devices in the treatment of mental disorders, autism or emotional or aggressive behavior, as a violation of fundamental human rights. CCHR is a nonprofit mental health watchdog group dedicated to eliminating abuses committed under the guise of mental health. CCHR works to ensure patient and consumer protections are enacted and upheld as there is rampant abuse in the field of mental health. In this role, CCHR has helped to enact more than 180 laws protecting individuals from abusive or coercive mental health practices since it was formed over 49 years ago, including a ban on electroshock use on children in four U.S. states and in Western Australia. As a nonprofit, CCHR relies on memberships and donations to carry out its mission and actions to curb psychotropic drug use in foster care. Click here to support the cause.
格雷戈里·米勒( Gregory Miller )向马萨诸塞州众议院议长发出的一份请愿书,呼吁禁止皮肤休克,这份请愿书在大约6年前结束前获得了近27万个签名。它说,“ JRC 不仅需要立即停止这种做法,而且马萨诸塞州的立法者需要使这些冲击程序非法。”它指出,学生们“没有自己的声音来描述他们的痛苦。他们需要你的帮助。”[2]然而, CCHR 说, FDA 未能迅速提供需要立即禁止该设备的帮助。CCHR 国际总裁 Jan Eastgate 说:“ FDA 继续拖延,就像 ECT ,电击设备一样,将个人置于遭受毁灭性伤害的危险之中。” 美洲人权委员会( IACHR )也刚刚发布了一份正式通知,称为“预防措施”,呼吁立即停止 JRC 的电击。在一份长达七页的决议中,设在华盛顿的小组说,这种做法对学校弱势儿童的权利造成了"严重影响",特别是对他们可能遭受酷刑的人格完整权利。[3] CCHR Florida 总裁 Diane Stein 补充说, GED 和 ECT 程序都等同于酷刑,并评论说佛罗里达州居民已在 JRC 接受治疗。[4] ECT 主要使用麻醉和肌肉松弛剂治疗抑郁症,而 GED 是一种外部皮肤休克,以控制那些严重的情绪、行为和精神问题和孤独症样疾病的行为。ECT 会导致严重的记忆丧失和永久性的脑损伤,这是一个制造商最近承认的事实。[5] 皮肤休克的作用是“将学生连接到身体不同部位的电极上。”当学生从事“被禁止的行为”时,工作人员会感到震惊。一些学生每天穿着电极多达24小时,每周7天。有时也会持续数年。[6] 联合国酷刑问题特别报告员 Manfred Nowak 于2010年5月致函美国政府,呼吁他们进行调查。[7]2012年,另一名酷刑问题特别报告员 Juan Mendez 也正式与美国政府接触,担心这一程序及其"如何使疼痛和痛苦等同于违反国际法的酷刑"。他发表上述言论之前,一段视频在网上显示,当时18岁的安德烈麦克劳林斯在2002年7小时内受到31次冲击。在视频中,安德烈可以听到尖叫和呼喊,“帮我。”帮助我。”他被皮带束缚着,当电力被排入他的身体时,他面对着板子。[8]该中心大约90%的学生是有色人种。[9] 1975年,门德斯本人在布宜诺斯艾利斯警察手中受到电击的折磨。“我非常强烈的感觉,电应用到一个人的身体会产生一种非常极端的疼痛,”他说。[10] 谈到用于治疗“精神疾病”的 ECT , Nowak 先生说,“我认为绝对禁止反你的意愿电击疗法。”他称这种待遇为“酷刑”。[11] 2013年,联合国再次在一份关于酷刑的报告中援引了 GED 的话,该报告指出, FDA "于2012年12月6日向 JRC 发出了警告信",并且" JRC 使用厌恶疗法受到了各种州和联邦立法和司法行动的挑战,“包括司法部对可能违反民权法律的行为进行的调查……”[12]司法部谴责这种做法。[13] 更新后的 GED-4释放出45.5毫安的电力,是被囚禁成人使用的3到4毫安的特技皮带的15倍多。[14]现代电击向大脑发出的电流脉冲比用来阻止野熊的电击剑强7.5倍。 在2007年接受美国广播公司( ABC )采访时,一位医生, JRC 皮肤休克系统的开发者说,这个程序“没有任何不利影响”。“而且如果它没有伤害它就不会有效。它必须有足够的伤害才能让学生避免再次表现出这种行为。”每个学生的价格是每年20万美元,由税收资助。[15]同样,精神病学家也对 ECT 造成的任何损害不予理睬,而在一个利润丰厚的每年50亿美元的行业中,治疗过程每年可能花费高达35000美元,不包括住院费用。 人们被鼓励写信给林业发展局监察员办公室主任 Laurie Lenkel ,监察员@ oc.fda.gov ,要求立即禁止毕业的电子解决器,而不是在另一年的时间。 人们也可以写信给塔顿的布里斯托尔县遗嘱认证和家庭法院,批准使用 GED 休克装置对 JRC 的学生,抗议法院批准的程序批评其酷刑影响。[16]写信给登记办公室, Taunton 家庭和遗嘱检验法院,40 Broadway , Suite 240, Taunton , MA 02780。 残疾人权利组织 ADAPT 、美国公民自由联盟、 IACHR 和其他许多组织反对 GED 的冲击。[17]独立地,人权委员会发起运动,禁止所有电击装置治疗精神障碍、孤独症或情绪或侵略性行为,作为对基本人权的侵犯。 CCHR 是一个非营利性的心理健康监督组织,致力于消除以心理健康为幌子的滥用行为。CCHR 致力于确保病人和消费者保护的制定和维护,因为在精神健康领域存在着严重的滥用行为。自49多年前成立以来, CCHR 帮助制定了180多项法律,保护个人免受虐待或强迫心理健康行为的侵害,其中包括禁止美国四个州和西澳大利亚的儿童使用电击。作为一个非营利组织, CCHR 依靠会员资格和捐款来执行其任务和行动,以遏制精神药物在寄养服务中的使用。单击此处支持原因。

以上中文文本为机器翻译,存在不同程度偏差和错误;偶尔因源网页结构局限,内容无法一次完整呈现。请理解并参考原站原文阅读。

阅读原文