Information Update - Health Canada warns of potential risk of pulmonary illness associated with vaping products

加拿大卫生部发出警告:电子烟产品或导致潜在肺部疾病

2019-09-06 15:00:00 BioSpace

本文共1374个字,阅读需4分钟

Health Canada is advising Canadians who use vaping products to monitor themselves for symptoms of pulmonary illness and to seek medical attention promptly if they have concerns about their health. This caution comes in the wake of the recent cases of acute pulmonary illnesses and one death reportedly linked to the use of vaping products in the United States. A second death is under investigation for potential links to vaping. The United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US CDC) released a statement August 30 on their ongoing investigation into the cause of the illnesses. The same day, the US CDC issued an official health advisory. The source of the illnesses is unclear at this time. Many patients have reported vaping tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and/or nicotine-containing products. To date, the Government of Canada has not seen any evidence of similar pulmonary illnesses occurring in Canada. Health Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada are in close contact with the US FDA and the US CDC to better understand their investigation into the cause of the illnesses. The Public Health Agency of Canada has alerted provincial and territorial public health officials and asked them to report possible incidents of pulmonary illness associated with vaping in their jurisdictions. The Government of Canada is monitoring all available data sources for indications of similar issues in Canada, and will take action, as appropriate, to protect the health and safety of Canadians. Vaping is not without risk, and the potential long-term effects of vaping remain unknown. Non-smokers, people who are pregnant and young people should not vape. Canadians are reminded that the purchase of vaping products outside the legal market may create additional risk as these products are unregulated and potentially unsafe, and thereby pose a risk to health and safety. Health care professionals are reminded to always ask patients, as part of their general history, whether they use drugs from any source, whether legal or illegal. When patients present with respiratory symptoms, especially if the cause is unclear, health care professionals should ask about the use of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) products—such as devices, liquids, refill pods and/or cartridges—for vaping. What is vaping? Vaping is the act of inhaling and exhaling an aerosol produced by a vaping product, such as an e‑cigarette. Vaping doesn't require burning the way cigarette smoking does. The device heats a liquid into a vapour, which then turns into an aerosol. This vapour can contain substances such as nicotine and flavourings. Vaping devices are usually battery-powered. They may come with removable parts. Vaping products have many names, including: mods vapes sub-ohms vape pens e-hookahs tank systems electronic cigarettes / e-cigarettes electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) They may also be known by various brand names. More information about vaping is available on Health Canada's website. Cannabis vaping Cannabis can be consumed in different ways, including by vaporizing and vaping (breathing in dried cannabis or liquid cannabis vapours through a vaporizer or vaping device). Illegal cannabis, including cannabis vaping products that are sold on the illegal market, are not quality-controlled and may be contaminated. What you should do If you are concerned about the health risks related to vaping, consider not using vaping products. If you use vaping products, or have used vaping products in the past, monitor yourself for symptoms of pulmonary illness (e.g., cough, shortness of breath, chest pain) and promptly seek medical attention if you have concerns about your health. Be sure to indicate to your health care professional that you currently vape, or have in the past, and what you were vaping. If you use vaping products, avoid any products from illegal or unregulated sources. Products obtained from the illegal market are not subject to any controls or oversight with respect to safety or quality. Do not modify vaping products or add any substances to these products that are not intended by the manufacturer. Report any adverse reactions or complaints related to vaping products to Health Canada. Stay connected with Health Canada and receive the latest advisories and product recalls. SOURCE Health Canada
加拿大卫生部建议使用 vaping 产品的加拿大人对肺部疾病的症状进行自我监测,如果他们对健康有顾虑,应立即寻求医疗关注。 这种谨慎是在最近的急性肺病病例和一个死亡报告与在美国使用的 vaping 产品有关。第二起死亡事件正在调查中,可能与吸血有关.美国食品药品监督管理局(Food and Drug Administration)( FDA )和美国疾病控制和预防中心(疾病预防控制中心(CDC))于8月30日发布了一份关于他们正在进行的疾病原因调查的声明。同一天,美国疾控中心发布了官方健康咨询。目前还不清楚疾病的来源。许多病人报告说,吸入四氢氨氮( THC )和/或尼古丁含量的产品。 迄今为止,加拿大政府没有看到任何证据表明加拿大发生了类似的肺病。加拿大卫生部和加拿大公共卫生署与美国 FDA 和美国疾病预防控制中心(CDC)控制中心密切接触,以更好地了解他们对疾病原因的调查。 加拿大公共卫生署已提醒各省和地区公共卫生官员,并要求他们报告在其管辖范围内可能发生的与吸食有关的肺部疾病事件。加拿大政府正在监测所有现有的数据来源,以表明加拿大的类似问题,并将酌情采取行动,保护加拿大人的健康和安全。 真空并不是没有风险的,而潜在的长期效果的 vaping 仍然未知。不吸烟的人,怀孕的人和年轻人不应该撒谎。 加拿大人被提醒说,在合法市场之外购买 vaping 产品可能会产生额外的风险,因为这些产品不受监管,而且可能不安全,从而对健康和安全构成风险。 卫生保健专业人员经常被提醒询问病人,作为其一般历史的一部分,他们是否使用任何来源的药物,无论是合法的还是非法的。当患者出现呼吸症状,特别是原因不明时,卫生保健专业人员应询问使用电子香烟(电子香烟)产品——如设备、液体、充填的豆荚和/或粉盒——进行吸食。 什么是虚荣? 吸气是吸入和呼出吸气产品产生的气溶胶的行为,如电子香烟。吸烟不需要像吸烟那样燃烧。这个装置把液体加热成蒸汽,然后变成气溶胶.这种蒸气可以含有尼古丁和味道等物质。 真空设备通常由电池供电。它们可能带有可移动部件。保平产品名称众多,包括: mods 幼虫 次级欧姆 钢笔 e-hookahs 坦克系统 电子香烟/电子香烟 电子尼古丁输送系统 他们也可能以各种品牌而闻名。有关 vaping 的更多信息可在加拿大卫生部的网站上查阅。 大麻吸食 大麻可以用不同的方式消费,包括蒸发和吸血(通过蒸发器或蒸发器吸入干燥的大麻或液态大麻)。非法大麻,包括在非法市场上销售的大麻制品,不受质量控制,可能受到污染。 你应该做些什么 如果你担心与吸食有关的健康风险,请考虑不要使用吸食产品。 如果你使用了 vaping 产品,或者过去曾经使用过 vapin 产品,监测自己是否有肺部疾病的症状(如咳嗽、呼吸急促、胸痛),如果你对自己的健康有顾虑,应立即寻求医疗关注。一定要向你的医疗保健专业人员表明,你目前正在吸食,或过去有,和你正在吸食。 如果你使用 vaping 产品,避免任何产品从非法或不受管制的来源。从非法市场获得的产品在安全或质量方面不受任何控制或监督。 不要修改产品或添加任何物质到这些产品不是制造商的意图。 向加拿大卫生部报告任何与产品有关的不良反应或投诉。 与加拿大卫生部保持联系,并收到最新的建议和产品召回。 加拿大卫生部

以上中文文本为机器翻译,存在不同程度偏差和错误;偶尔因源网页结构局限,内容无法一次完整呈现。请理解并参考原站原文阅读。

阅读原文