Hemp-CBD Across State Lines: Illinois

美国伊利诺伊州大麻CBD法案变迁之路

2019-09-09 08:00:20 cannalawblog

本文共1564个字,阅读需4分钟

The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (“2018 Farm Bill”) legalized hemp by removing the crop and its derivatives from the definition of marijuana under the Controlled Substances Act (“CSA”) and by providing a detailed framework for the cultivation of hemp. The 2018 Farm Bill gives the US Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) regulatory authority over hemp cultivation at the federal level. In turn, states have the option to maintain primary regulatory authority over the crop cultivated within their borders by submitting a plan to the USDA. This federal and state interplay has resulted in many legislative and regulatory changes at the state level. Indeed, most states have introduced (and adopted) bills that would authorize the commercial production of hemp within their borders. A smaller but growing number of states also regulate the sale of products derived from hemp. In light of these legislative changes, we are presenting a 50-state series analyzing how each jurisdiction treats hemp-derived cannabidiol (“Hemp CBD”). Each Sunday we will summarize a new state in alphabetical order. So far, we’ve covered Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii and Idaho. Today we turn to Illinois. Overview. Since 2016, Illinois has limited the cultivation of industrial hemp by the Illinois Department of Agriculture (“IDA”) and institutions of higher learning for research purposes only. However, on August 26, 2018, Governor Bruce Rauner signed SB 2298, which expanded the state’s industrial hemp regulations to cover commercial activity. SB 2298 updated Illinois’ industrial hemp laws to allow individuals and entities to cultivate hemp by registering with the IDA and removed industrial hemp from the definition of cannabis. Earlier this year, the IDA adopted temporary rules under SB 2298. Under the rules, “Industrial Hemp” means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of that plant, whether growing or not, with a delta- tetrahydorcannabinol (THC) concentration of not more than 0.3% on a dry weight basis that has been cultivated under a license issued under the Act or is otherwise lawfully present in this State and includes any intermediate or finished product made or derived from industrial hemp. Production of Hemp and Hemp-CBD Products. Pursuant to Illinois law, only licensed growers and processors may sell or transfer living hemp plants or viable hemp seeds to (1) other IDA licensees, or (2) others outside of Illinois so long as the sale is authorized by a state agency in the destination state. The IDA also permits the sale and transfer of “stripped stalks, fiber, dried roots, nonviable seeds, seed oils, floral and plant extracts (excluding THC in excess of 0.3%) and other marketable hemp products to members of the general public, both within and outside the State of Illinois.” Note that neither the bill nor the IDA rules define “marketable hemp products.” However, Section 25 of SB 2298 provides the following provision: Nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize any person to violate federal rules, regulations, or laws. If any part of this Act conflicts with a provision of the federal laws regarding industrial hemp, the federal provisions shall control to the extent of the conflict. Accordingly, because there is no permissive language that allows for Hemp-CBD products and because of Section 25, the sale of these products is illegal at worst, and unregulated at best. In addition, only registered processors can process Hemp-CBD grown under the program. However, nothing in SB 2298 nor the IDA rules expressly prohibit the introduction of hemp products lawfully processed under another state plan. Possession. Pursuant to SB 2298, “[n]othing in this Act shall alter the legality of hemp or hemp products that are presently legal to possess or own.” Consequently, the possession of Hemp-CBD products seems limited to those approved by the FDA or that meet the standards set by IDA rules (i.e., containing no more than 0.3% THC and that satisfy other requirements). Transportation. Only a licensed grower or registered processors may transport hemp so long as the hemp contains no more than 0.3% THC. Note that the IDA rules state that the transportation of Hemp-CBD products is not restricted after sold to a member of the public. Marketing or Advertising Restrictions. As of the date of this post, the state has not enacted regulations governing the marketing or advertising of Hemp-CBD products. Bottom Line. Although the production and sale of Hemp-CBD products isn’t clearly authorized or restricted, Illinois is authorizing the cultivation of the crop and has not taken any enforcement actions against these products. For these reasons, Illinois should be considered a hemp friendly state. That being said, there is a possibility that things may change upon the adoption of final rules by IDA.
《2018年农业改善法》(“2018年农业法案”)通过根据《管制物质法》(“CSA”)将大麻及其衍生物从大麻定义中移除,并提供大麻种植的详细框架,使大麻合法化。2018年农业法案赋予美国农业部(USDA)在联邦一级对大麻种植的监管权。反过来,各州有权通过向美国农业部提交一份计划来维持对其境内种植作物的主要监管权。这种联邦和州之间的相互作用在州一级导致了许多立法和监管方面的变化。事实上,大多数国家已经提出(并通过)法案,授权在其境内进行大麻的商业生产。越来越多的州也在管制大麻制品的销售。 鉴于这些立法变化,我们提出了一个50个州的系列分析如何处理每个司法管辖区大麻衍生大麻(“大麻CBD”)。每个星期天我们将按字母顺序总结一个新的州。到目前为止,我们已经覆盖了阿拉巴马州、阿拉斯加、亚利桑那州、阿肯色州、加利福尼亚州、科罗拉多州、康涅狄格州、特拉华州、佛罗里达州、乔治亚州、夏威夷州和爱达荷州。今天我们转向伊利诺伊州。 概述。自2016年以来,伊利诺伊州限制了伊利诺伊州农业部(IDA)和高等院校仅用于研究目的的工业大麻种植。然而,2018年8月26日,州长布鲁斯·劳纳(Bruce Rauner)签署了SB 2298,将该州的工业大麻法规扩大到商业活动。sb 2298更新了伊利诺伊州的工业大麻法律,允许个人和实体通过在国际开发协会注册种植大麻,并将工业大麻从大麻的定义中删除。 今年早些时候,国际开发协会根据sb 2298通过了暂行规则。根据规定,“工业大麻”是指大麻植物和该植物的任何部分,无论是否生长,在干重的基础上,其δ-四水大麻酚(THC)浓度不超过0.3%,根据该法颁发的许可证种植,或以其他方式合法存在于该州,包括由工业大麻制成或制成的任何中间产品或成品。 生产大麻及大麻CBD产品。根据伊利诺伊州法律,只有持牌种植者和加工商可以向(1)其他IDA持牌人,或(2)伊利诺伊州以外的其他人出售或转让活的大麻植物或活的大麻种子,只要出售是由目的州的州机构授权的。 国际开发协会还允许向伊利诺伊州内外的普通公众出售和转让“剥去的秸秆、纤维、干根、不可食种子、种子油、花卉和植物提取物(不包括超过0.3%的THC)和其他可销售的大麻产品”。该法案和国际开发协会的规则都没有定义“可销售的大麻产品”。 但是,SB 2298第25节规定了以下条款: 本法案中的任何内容不得解释为授权任何人违反联邦规则、条例或法律。如果本法案的任何部分与联邦法律中有关工业大麻的规定相冲突,联邦规定应在冲突的范围内加以控制。 因此,由于没有允许HEMP CBD产品的许可语言,并且由于第25条的规定,这些产品的销售在最坏的情况下是非法的,充其量是不受监管的。 此外,只有注册的处理器才能处理在该程序下生长的hemp cbd。但是,sb 2298和ida规则中没有明确禁止引进根据另一个国家计划合法加工的大麻产品。 占有。根据SB 2298,“本法中的任何规定均应改变目前合法拥有或拥有的大麻或大麻产品的合法性。”因此,大麻CBD产品的拥有似乎仅限于FDA批准的或符合IDA规则规定的标准(即含有o超过0.3%THC且满足其他要求)。 交通。只有持牌种植者或注册加工商可以运输大麻,只要大麻含有不超过0.3%的四氢大麻酚。请注意,《国际开发协会规则》规定,大麻CBD产品出售给公众后,其运输不受限制。 营销或广告限制。截至发稿之日,国家尚未制定大麻CBD产品营销或广告管理条例。 底线。尽管大麻CBD产品的生产和销售没有明确授权或限制,但伊利诺伊州正在授权种植大麻,并且没有对这些产品采取任何执法行动。基于这些原因,伊利诺伊州应该被认为是一个大麻友好州。这就是说,在国际开发协会通过最终规则后,情况有可能发生变化。

以上中文文本为机器翻译,存在不同程度偏差和错误;偶尔因源网页结构局限,内容无法一次完整呈现。请理解并参考原站原文阅读。

阅读原文