EXCLUSIVE: Jamaica readies rules for commercial medical cannabis exports

牙买加拟出台商业医用大麻出口规则

2019-09-10 19:00:14 mjbizdaily

本文共1728个字,阅读需5分钟

Jamaica is engaging stakeholders over highly anticipated regulations to govern the export of commercial-scale medical cannabis, and the rules are expected to be finalized within weeks, according to Agriculture Minister Audley Shaw. Marijuana Business Daily obtained a copy of the draft rules ahead of their release from a source who requested anonymity. The proposals are subject to change. The rules, once implemented, will help underpin the long-term viability of the local industry, attract investment and make capital fundraising easier, industry executives say. The object of the regulations – called the Dangerous Drugs (Cannabis Import and Export Licensing) Regulations, 2019 – is “to establish a comprehensive licensing regime to regulate the importation and exportation of ganja for medical, therapeutic or scientific purposes in conformity with the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961, as amended by the 1972 Protocol, and minimize the risk of the diversion of ganja in illicit traffic,” according to the draft. A CLA spokesperson said the regulatory body has been engaging stakeholders for feedback since late August, and “the final say on the promulgation of the regulations will eventually lie with the Ministry of Justice.” The agency had “issued” 40 cannabis business licenses as of the end of July and “granted” 54. Why exports Executives say the long-awaited rules are essential for the medical cannabis industry in Jamaica because the local market is too small to sustain sizable cannabis businesses. “While there is a business in bringing people to Jamaica to experience the finest cannabis and products,” said Triston Thompson, chief opportunity explorer for Tacaya Group, “the biggest business opportunities involve making it convenient for the world to have access to the products Jamaica have to offer. “That is, bring our products to them.” Thompson had not viewed a copy of the draft regulations. Tacaya Group is a consulting and brokerage firm based in Montego Bay in Western Jamaica. “Should export regulations continue to be absent, companies will have to shut down,” Thompson said. “There are cannabis businesses barely able to break-even, operating far below their capacity and unable to make necessary capital investments in their operations organically.” A regulated export industry could potentially correct those issues. “Export regulations from this standpoint allows Jamaican companies to access markets where demand is stronger and returns are more favorable,” he said. Need to know An import certificate and export authorization would be the CLA’s newest license categories. Currently, the regulator issues five kinds of licenses: Like most Caribbean islands, Jamaica is imposing residency requirements for prospective businesses. An applicant for an export or import permit will be required to submit proof of residency in Jamaica for at least three years immediately preceding the date of application. The permitting process would seemingly rule out exports to countries such as the U.S., which bans cannabis at a federal level, even though dozens of American states have legalized and regulated the medicine. “The Authority may refuse to grant an export permit under these Regulations if the Authority has reasonable grounds to believe that exportation would contravene the laws of the importing country or any country of transit or transshipment,” according to the draft rules. Export permits issued by the CLA would not allowed to be transferred. “An export permit granted under regulation 21 shall not be transferable and is valid for six months from the date of issuance, unless renewed for a further period in accordance with regulation 39 (renewal of license) …” the draft regulations stipulate. Who may apply Under the proposed rules, holders of a valid cultivator, processing, retail or research and development license may apply for an export permit. However, an applicant who possesses a research and development license will not be allowed to export commercial volumes. In determining whether an applicant “is a fit and proper person” to be associated with the export of cannabis, the proposed rules say the Authority will consider if the applicant: The rules ask that a recent police report be submitted for employees/prospective employees of the applicant in connection with the import/export permit. Among the documentation that will be required to obtain a permit to export: A decision on granting the export permit will be made within 20 business days. The fee ($20 to apply, then $40 to receive the permit) is not refundable. Product forms The proposed rules stipulate that commercial-scale shipments of “seeds, plants and dried ganja” are eligible for export, but they do not propose to place a limit on the amount of THC in those medical products. (Colombia, in contrast, does not allow medical flower to be exported commercially.) The draft makes no mention of medical cannabis oil, suggesting specific rules associated with oil are still being sussed out. Wayne Isaacs, CEO of Green Stripe Naturals in Jamaica, thinks the majority of exports are going to be oils and derivatives. Green Stripe Naturals, a licensed cultivator, is one of the Jamaican cannabis companies banking on export approval. “In terms of the industry itself in Jamaica, export is the thing that is going to make this industry in Jamaica really explode,” he said. Isaacs had not viewed a copy of the draft regulations. Speaking at the opening of the Sensi Medical Cannabis House in New Kingston, Agriculture Minister Shaw said the draft rules to regulate flower and oil exports are in the hands of the CLA for “final review and discussion.” “I have set a target for the end of September for the regulations to be promulgated and in place, because I want us to start exporting extracted oil and dried flower into external markets,” Shaw said. “Canada wants it. Australia is crying out for it. Germany wants it. “All our local players will be able to leverage overseas markets and support the growth of the economy.”
牙买加农业部长奥德利•肖(audley shaw)表示,该国正就备受期待的管制商业规模医用大麻出口的法规与利益攸关方进行接触,预计这些法规将在数周内最终确定。 《大麻商业日报》(Marijuana Business Daily)从一位要求匿名的消息人士那里获得了一份规则草案的副本。这些提议随时可能改变。 行业高管表示,这些规定一旦实施,将有助于巩固本地行业的长期生存能力,吸引投资,并使资本筹集更加容易。 该条例的目的是“建立一个全面的许可证制度,以按照S.《1961年麻醉品单一公约》,经1972年议定书修正,并最大限度地降低甘贾在非法贩运中转移的风险。 中情局发言人说,监管机构从8月下旬开始就一直在征求利益相关者的反馈意见,“最终决定条例颁布的是司法部。” 截至7月底,该机构“颁发”了40个大麻营业执照,并“颁发”了54个。 为什么出口 高管们表示,期待已久的规定对牙买加的医用大麻行业至关重要,因为当地市场太小,无法维持规模庞大的大麻业务。 塔卡亚集团首席机会探索者特里斯顿·汤普森说:“虽然有一项业务是把人们带到牙买加,体验最好的大麻和产品,但最大的商业机会是让全世界都能方便地获得牙买加H必须提供。 “也就是说,把我们的产品带给他们。” 汤普森没有看过条例草案的副本。 塔卡亚集团是一家咨询和经纪公司,总部位于牙买加西部的蒙特哥湾。 汤普森说:“如果出口法规继续缺失,企业将不得不关闭。” “有些大麻企业几乎无法实现收支平衡,经营远远低于其能力,无法对其经营进行必要的资本投资。” 受监管的出口行业可能会纠正这些问题。 他说:“从这个角度来看,出口法规允许牙买加公司进入需求更强劲、回报更有利的市场。” 需要知道 进口证书和出口授权将是cla的最新许可证类别。 目前,监管机构颁发了五种许可证: 像大多数加勒比海岛屿一样,牙买加正在对潜在的企业实施居住要求。 出口或进口许可证申请人须在申请日期前提交在牙买加居住至少三年的证明。 这一许可程序似乎排除了向美国等国家出口大麻的可能性,美国在联邦一级禁止大麻,尽管美国已有数十个州对大麻进行了合法化和监管。 根据规则草案,管理局如有合理理由相信出口会违反进口国或任何过境或转运国的法律,可拒绝根据本规例批出出口许可证。 中央情报局签发的出口许可证不得转让。 条例草案规定:“根据第21条批出的出口许可证不得转让,并自签发之日起六个月内有效,除非按照第39条(许可证续期)……再续期。” 谁可以申请 根据拟议的规则,持有有效的耕种、加工、零售或研发许可证的人可以申请出口许可证。 但是,拥有研发许可证的申请人不得出口商业量。 在确定申请人是否“是与大麻出口有关的适当人选”时,拟议的规则说,管理局将考虑申请人是否: 该规则要求,应就进出口许可证向申请人的雇员/潜在雇员提交最近的警察报告。 在获得出口许可证所需的文件中: 将在20个工作日内作出批准出口许可证的决定。 费用(20美元申请,40美元领取许可证)不予退还。 产品形式 拟议的规则规定,商业规模的“种子、植物和干甘薯”运输有资格出口,但它们不建议限制这些医疗产品中的四氢呋喃含量。(相比之下,哥伦比亚不允许药用花卉商业出口。) 草案没有提及医用大麻油,表明与大麻油有关的具体规定仍在推广中。 牙买加绿色条纹天然产品公司(green stripe naturals)首席执行官韦恩•伊萨克斯(wayne isaacs)认为,大部分出口产品将是石油和衍生品。 绿条纹自然,一个有执照的栽培者,是牙买加大麻公司之一,指望出口批准。 他说:“就牙买加的工业本身而言,出口将使牙买加的工业真正爆炸。 艾萨克斯没有看过条例草案的副本。 农业部长肖在新金斯敦的sensi医用大麻屋开幕式上说,管制花卉和石油出口的规则草案交由cla“最后审查和讨论”。 肖说:“我已经设定了9月底颁布并实施这些法规的目标,因为我希望我们开始向外部市场出口提取的石油和干花。” “加拿大想要。澳大利亚迫切需要它。德国想要。 “我们所有的本地参与者都将能够利用海外市场,支持经济增长。”

以上中文文本为机器翻译,存在不同程度偏差和错误;偶尔因源网页结构局限,内容无法一次完整呈现。请理解并参考原站原文阅读。

阅读原文