Germany to Unveil European Cloud to Rival Amazon, Alibaba

德国揭开欧洲云的面纱

2019-10-28 16:34:03 Bloomberg

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-- German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government is about to unveil plans for a cloud service to allow European companies to avoid storing data with U.S. or Asian rivals such as Amazon.com Inc. or Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. Economy Minister Peter Altmaier will reveal the service -- named Gaia-X after a Greek goddess symbolizing Earth -- at a tech conference Tuesday in Dortmund, Germany. He has worked on the project with officials from companies including SAP SE, Deutsche Telekom AG and Deutsche Bank AG, according to a strategy paper by the Economy Ministry obtained by Bloomberg News. "Data are the resource of the future," according to the paper. "That’s why Germany and Europe needs data infrastructure that ensures data sovereignty and enables the sharing of data on a broader and secure basis." Geopolitical tensions and trade wars are making European politicians cautious about domestic champions ceding control of their data to the likes of Amazon, Google or China’s Alibaba, fearing European companies could lose control of data about customers or production. Under the Trump Administration’s Cloud Act signed last year, U.S. storage providers can be ordered to provide local authorities information held on their servers no matter where that data is physically located. A similar concept has been enshrined in Chinese law since 2017, in which information of citizens must be stored in-country and accessible on demand to the authorities. Gaia-X is meant to serve as a link between several different cloud services by providing a joint standard to share data. That way, a European mobility startup could make use of information provided by transport authorities, for example. Read More: European Companies Look to Build Their Own Walls in the CloudGermany plans to create a company-type organization for the cloud service in the first half of next year, according to the paper. Altmaier has in the past said the service is meant to become a European platform, but it’s unclear whether more governments in the region have agreed to participate in the project. Agnes Pannier-Runacher, France’s deputy economy minister, told Bloomberg in July that businesses relinquishing control of their data was “a systemic risk” to the competitiveness and sovereignty of an economy. Germany’s central bank has also warned the region’s banking sector that the move to shifting data on the cloud will make the industry harder to monitor. To contact the reporters on this story: Birgit Jennen in Berlin at bjennen1@bloomberg.net;Stefan Nicola in Berlin at snicola2@bloomberg.net To contact the editors responsible for this story: Rebecca Penty at rpenty@bloomberg.net, Giles Turner, Nate Lanxon For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.com
德国总理安格拉•默克尔( Angela Merkel )政府即将公布云服务计划,允许欧洲企业避免将数据存储在亚马逊( Amazon )等美国或亚洲竞争对手手中。com Inc .或阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司。 德国经济大臣彼得·阿尔特梅尔将在周二于德国多特蒙德举行的一次科技会议上透露这项名为 Gaia-X 的服务。彭博新闻社( Bloomberg News )获得的经济部战略文件显示,他曾与 SAP SE 、德国电信( Deutsche Telekom AG )和德意志银行( Deutsche Bank AG )等公司的官员一起参与该项目。 “数据是未来的资源,”文章说。“这就是为什么德国和欧洲需要数据基础设施,以确保数据主权,并在更广泛和安全的基础上共享数据。” 地缘政治紧张和贸易战令欧洲政界人士对国内冠军企业将数据控制权拱手让给亚马逊( Amazon )、谷歌( Google )或中国的阿里巴巴( Alibaba )等企业持谨慎态度,担心欧洲企业可能失去对客户或生产数据的控制权。 根据去年签署的《特朗普政府云法案》( Trump Administration's Cloud Act ),无论数据位于何处,美国的存储提供商都可以被命令提供服务器上保存的地方当局信息。2017年以来,中国法律中也体现了类似的理念,即公民信息必须存放在国内,并应有关部门的要求提供。 Gaia-X 旨在通过提供共享数据的联合标准,充当多个不同云服务之间的链接。这样,欧洲的一家移动初创公司就可以利用交通部门提供的信息。 了解更多:欧洲公司希望在 Cloud Germans 中建立自己的防火墙,根据这篇论文,德国计划在明年上半年为云服务创建公司类型的组织。Altmaier 过去曾表示,该服务旨在成为一个欧洲平台,但尚不清楚该地区是否有更多政府同意参与该项目。 法国副经济部长阿格尼斯•潘尼耶( Agnes Pannier-Runacher )7月对彭博( Bloomberg )表示,企业放弃对数据的控制,对一个经济体的竞争力和主权构成“系统性风险”。德国央行还警告该地区的银行业,转向云数据转移将使银行业更难监控。 与记者联系: Birgit Jennen 在柏林的 bjennen1@ bloomberg.net ; Stefan Nicola 在柏林的 snacoa2@ bloomberg.net 联系负责这个故事的编辑: Rebecca Penty at rpenty @ bloomberg.net , Giles Turner , Nate Lanxon 更多这样的文章,请访问我们在布隆伯格。com

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