Mexico Unveils Rules for National Medical Cannabis Industry

墨西哥公布国家医用大麻行业规则

2021-01-14 03:03:18 Ganjapreneur

本文共689个字,阅读需2分钟

Mexico’s Health Ministry on Tuesday made public rules for the medical cannabis industry and President Andres Manuel López Obrador signed off on a regulation allowing pharmaceutical companies to commence medical research on cannabis products, Reuters reports. The rules for pharmaceutical firms require them to obtain permission from COFEPRIS, the nation’s health regulator. Under the guidelines, the research must be conducted by independent laboratories under strictly controlled conditions. The framework includes rules allowing the importation of cannabis seeds into Mexico and the use of cannabis derivatives and cannabis-based medications, Mexico News Daily reports. The regulations do not cover adult-use legalization. In 2019, Mexico’s Supreme Court declared cannabis prohibition unconstitutional and required lawmakers to implement laws allowing adult-use possession and sales by October of that year but were given an extension by the court. Last November, the Senate approved a legalization measure but the following month the Supreme Court again granted an extension until late April in order for the lower chamber to debate the reforms, which they described as complex. The bill approved by the Senate allows personal possession up to 28 grams, home cultivation up to four plants, and taxed-and-regulated sales, and THC caps. According to the bill text, the reforms would “improve living conditions” and “contribute to the reduction of crime linked to drug trafficking.” The measure does include social equity provisions, including requiring at least 40% of industry licenses are awarded to indigenous, low-income, or historically marginalized communities for the first five years. Public consumption would be permitted but not in places where tobacco use is banned or where people under 18-years-old could be exposed. Driving under the influence of cannabis would be outlawed. Once the reforms are approved, Mexico will join Uruguay and Canada as the only nations to legalize cannabis for adults. The Mexican market would be the world’s largest by population. End Authored By: TG joined Ganjapreneur in 2014 as a news writer and began hosting the Ganjapreneur podcast in 2016. He is based in upstate New York, where he also teaches media studies at a local university.
据路透社报道,墨西哥卫生部周二公布了医用大麻行业的相关规定,墨西哥总统安德烈斯·曼努埃尔·洛佩斯·奥夫拉多尔签署了一项允许制药公司开展大麻产品医学研究的规定。 针对制药公司的规定要求他们获得国家卫生监管机构COFEPRIS的许可。在指导方针下,研究必须由独立实验室在严格控制的条件下进行。 据《墨西哥新闻日报》报道,该框架包括允许向墨西哥进口大麻籽以及使用大麻衍生物和基于大麻的药物的规则。 条例不包括成人使用的合法化。2019年,墨西哥最高法院宣布禁止大麻违宪,并要求立法者在当年10月前实施允许成年人拥有和销售大麻的法律,但法院给予了延期。去年11月,参议院批准了一项合法化措施,但次月最高法院再次批准延长至4月底,以便下院就改革进行辩论,他们认为改革十分复杂。 这项由参议院批准的法案允许个人拥有28克,家庭种植4种植物,并对销售进行征税和监管,以及THC上限。根据法案文本,改革将改善生活条件,并有助于减少与毒品贩运有关的犯罪。该措施确实包括社会公平条款,包括要求在头五年内至少40%的行业许可证授予土著,低收入或历史上被边缘化的社区。公共消费是允许的,但在禁止吸烟的地方或18岁以下的人可能接触烟草的地方是不允许的。在大麻影响下驾车将被列为违法行为。 一旦改革获得批准,墨西哥将加入乌拉圭和加拿大的行列,成为唯一允许成人大麻合法化的国家。按人口计算,墨西哥市场将是世界上最大的市场。 结束 作者: TG于2014年加入Ganjapreneur,担任新闻撰稿人,并于2016年开始主持Ganjapreneur播客。他住在纽约州北部,在当地的一所大学教授媒体研究。

以上中文文本为机器翻译,存在不同程度偏差和错误;偶尔因源网页结构局限,内容无法一次完整呈现。请理解并参考原站原文阅读。

阅读原文