World's first patent for AI-generated invention could have repercussions on intellectual property law

世界上第一个人工智能发明专利可能会对知识产权法产生影响

2021-07-29 00:00:00 NEWS MEDICAL

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Intellectual property (IP) officials in South Africa have made history in a landmark decision to award a patent that names an artificial intelligence (AI) as the inventor. The patent—which was filed by an international team of lawyers and researchers led by the University of Surrey's, Professor of Law and Health Sciences, Ryan Abbott —is for a food container based on fractal geometry. This container was designed and created by an AI called DABUS ("device for the autonomous bootstrapping of unified sentience"). Historically, an "inventor" of a patent had to be a human being, although the ownership of that patent is commonly given to the company that employs the inventor. While patent law in many jurisdictions is very specific in how it defines an inventor, the DABUS team is arguing that the status quo is not fit for purpose in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. As AI plays an ever-increasing role in the design of ideas, the DABUS case could have significant repercussions on intellectual property law. The DABUS team has similar cases moving through UK, European, US and other court systems. Earlier this year, the president of the European Patent Office, António Campinos intervened in the European case on the basis that it was “of high importance and general interest.” Professor Adrian Hilton, Director of the Institute for People-Centred AI at the University of Surrey, said: “This is a truly historic case that recognises the need to change how we attribute invention. We are moving from an age in which invention was the preserve of people to an era where machines are capable of realising the inventive step, unleashing the potential of AI-generated inventions for the benefit of society." The School of Law at the University of Surrey has taken a leading role in asking important philosophical questions such as whether innovation can only be a human phenomenon, and what happens legally when AI behaves like a person. We are delighted our staff and students are at the forefront of these deeply significant debates, and now realities.” Adrian Hilton, Professor, University of Surrey The potential of AI invention is recognized in the recently launched New Innovation Strategy announced by Business Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng on 22 July 2021. The New Innovation Strategy sets out plans to cement the UK’s position as a world leader in science, research and innovation. University of Surrey
南非知识产权(IP)官员做出了一项里程碑式的决定,授予一项将人工智能(AI)命名为发明者的专利,这一决定创造了历史。这项专利是由萨里大学法律和健康科学教授瑞安·艾伯特(Ryan Abbott)领导的一个由律师和研究人员组成的国际团队申请的,是一种基于分形几何的食品容器。这个容器是由一个名为DABUS(“用于统一感知的自主引导设备”)的AI设计和创建的。历史上,专利的“发明人”必须是人,尽管专利的所有权通常授予雇佣发明人的公司。虽然许多司法管辖区的专利法在如何定义发明人方面非常具体,但达布斯团队认为,现状不适合第四次工业革命的目的。随着人工智能在创意设计中发挥越来越大的作用,达布斯一案可能会对知识产权法产生重大影响。DABUS团队在英国、欧洲、美国和其他法院系统中也有类似的案件。今年早些时候,欧洲专利局局长安东尼奥·坎皮诺斯(António Campinos)干预了欧洲的案件,因为它“具有高度重要性和普遍兴趣”萨里大学以人为本的人工智能研究所所长阿德里安·希尔顿教授说:“这是一个真正具有历史意义的案件,认识到需要改变我们对发明的属性。我们正在从一个发明是人类专利的时代进入一个机器能够实现发明步骤的时代,释放人工智能产生的发明的潜力,造福社会。“萨里大学法学院在询问重要的哲学问题方面发挥了主导作用,如创新是否只能是人类现象,以及当人工智能表现得像人时,在法律上会发生什么。我们很高兴我们的员工和学生站在这些意义深远的辩论的前沿,现在是现实。萨里大学教授阿德里安·希尔顿在2021年7月22日商务部长夸西·夸腾宣布的最近推出的新创新战略中认识到了人工智能发明的潜力。新的创新战略提出了巩固英国作为科学、研究和创新领域世界领导者地位的计划。萨里大学

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